Practice educators and mentors are now expected to have the skills and techniques needed to implement a ‘learning skills through simulation’ program into established curricula, yet using simulation to teach while of huge importance – requires careful and time-consuming planning. This valuable resource takes away some of that burden by providing clear, ready-made activities and guidance from leading practitioners in a range of fields, which healthcare and practice educators and mentors can use to enhance their teaching of all the essential and commonly-taught clinical and management skills and knowledge.

Dedicated chapters, which all follow a defined step-by-step format, provide simulation scenarios, alongside facilitator guidance, which will help develop confidence in the teaching of key skills such as:

Drug administration; Conflict management; Infection control; Breaking bad news; Catheter and bowel care

These scenarios and accompanying guidance can be used as a framework for teaching, promoting a greater understanding of the skill being taught, and providing a risk-free opportunity for the student to practice their clinical and managerial skills and judgment.

Patient Assessment: The ABCDE Approach to Patient Assessment and Early Warning Scoring Systems

Patient Assessment: The ABCDE Approach to Patient Assessment and Early Warning Scoring Systems

Patient assessment: The ABCDE approach to patient assessment and early warning scoring systems


The aim of this chapter is to give an overview of the ABCDE approach to prioritisation of patient care.


The healthcare professional will:

  • Understand the term ‘track and trigger scoring system’.
  • Be able to calculate an Early Warning Score (EWS) based on local EWS chart.
  • Be able to discuss the ABCDE approach to patient assessment and each of its individual components.

Introduction to Patient Assessment Using the ABCDE Approach

Early Warning Scoring (EWS) Systems

Within hospital at any given time there are large numbers of patients with widely varying levels of dependence. These may range from the patient who is physically well awaiting a care package ...

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