Practice educators and mentors are now expected to have the skills and techniques needed to implement a ‘learning skills through simulation’ program into established curricula, yet using simulation to teach while of huge importance – requires careful and time-consuming planning. This valuable resource takes away some of that burden by providing clear, ready-made activities and guidance from leading practitioners in a range of fields, which healthcare and practice educators and mentors can use to enhance their teaching of all the essential and commonly-taught clinical and management skills and knowledge.

Dedicated chapters, which all follow a defined step-by-step format, provide simulation scenarios, alongside facilitator guidance, which will help develop confidence in the teaching of key skills such as:

Drug administration; Conflict management; Infection control; Breaking bad news; Catheter and bowel care

These scenarios and accompanying guidance can be used as a framework for teaching, promoting a greater understanding of the skill being taught, and providing a risk-free opportunity for the student to practice their clinical and managerial skills and judgment.

Drug Administration Errors

Drug administration errors


The aim of this chapter is to address four main areas:

  • The most common types of errors
  • Why errors occur (the influencing factors)
  • Strategies to reduce errors
  • Good practice for avoiding medication errors.


By the conclusion of this chapter, the learner should be able to:

  • Define what a medication error is and discuss definitions commonly used
  • Discuss the most common types of errors
  • Recognise why errors occur (influencing factors) and the strategies to reduce errors.


The term ‘medication error’ can be defined as a mistake that happens in the stages of either prescribing, dispensing or administration of medication where a patient is injured, killed or potential harm could arise (Wolf, 1989).

Another definition of a medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication ...

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