• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Secondary Analysis—Gender, Age, and Place: Gender, Place, and the Mortality Gap between Urban and Rural Canadians
Secondary analysis—gender, age, and place: Gender, place, and the mortality gap between urban and rural canadians
AleckOstry, AmandaSlaunwhite

Several studies in recent years have demonstrated a consistent deficit in health status among rural compared with urban Canadians (Boland, Staines, Fitzpatrick, & Scallan, 2005; Canadian Institute for Health Information, 2006; Lagacé, Mesmeules, Pong, & Heng, 2007; McNiven, Puderer, & Janes, 2000; Mitura & Bollman, 2003; Ostry et al., 2009; Pohar, Majumdar, & Johnson, 2007). The most comprehensive of these recent Canadian studies was conducted by the Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI; 2006). This original CIHI analysis demonstrated consistent gradients in health outcomes, including mortality, across the urban–rural continuum in Canada. In ...

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