• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Measuring Biological Sex
Measuring biological sex

One's sex cannot be simply reduced to and contained by one's primary and secondary sexual characteristics, because one's sex makes a difference to every function, biological, social, cultural, if not in their operations then certainly in significance. (Grosz, 1994, p. 22)

Measuring biological sex is a broad topic encompassing studies of the physiology of the reproductive system, the role of the brain and endocrine organs in reproduction, chromosomal and phenotypic differences between sexes, and the effects of gendered experience on the corporeal body. This chapter outlines each of these aspects, briefly citing examples and describing traditional and new paradigms for the design of experiments to measure biological sex. It first defines what is meant (for purposes of this chapter) by biological ...

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