• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Sex and Gender: Beyond the Binaries
Sex and gender: Beyond the binaries
Joy L.Johnson, RobinRepta

Research variables—“sex” polarized as “females” and “males,” “sexuality” polarized as “homosexuals” and “heterosexuals,” and “gender” polarized as “women” and “men”—reflect unnuanced series that conventionalize bodies, sexuality, and social location. Such research designs cannot include the experiences of hermaphrodites, pseudo-hermaphrodites, transsexuals, transvestites, bisexuals, third genders, and gender rebels as lovers, friends, parents, workers, and sports participants. Even if the research sample is restricted to putative “normals,” the use of unexamined categories of sex, sexuality, and gender will miss complex combinations of status and identity, as well as differently gendered sexual continuities and discontinuities. (Lorber, 1996, p. 144)

For more than a decade researchers such as Lorber (1996, 2005) have challenged us to carefully reconsider ...

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