• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Why Put Gender and Sex into Health Research?
Why put gender and sex into health research?

Putting gender and sex into health research design is a practice that is only recently being encouraged or adopted by researchers, their funders, and audiences. This chapter provides background and context on the rationale for and recent history of this late, but welcome, shift. It presages examples of health research that have incorporated gender and sex into design, and offers a commentary on the history and future of gender and sex in health research.

Why put sex and gender into health research? At heart, it is a matter of ethics to do so. As “every cell has a sex,” according to the Institute of Medicine (Wizemann & Pardue, 2001, p. 4), ...

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