Every health care provider and mental health professional will encounter clients struggling with depression, yet many of these professionals don’t receive a thorough grounding on theory, research, and clinical guidelines regarding depression, and those who do sometimes have trouble keeping abreast of the literature (a literature that includes over 60,000 empirical publications since 1980!). This book provides a handy reference for such practitioners. This brief, practical guide provides an introduction or refresher on depression that is research-based yet accessible, practical, and easy to read and consult.
Chapter 5: Depression in Adults
Depression in Adults
We begin this chapter with a case study. Then we briefly discuss research on the prevalence of adult depression. We cover some of the issues for assessment, including how well the depressive signs and symptoms illustrated in the case study mesh with the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-IV-TR (2000a) diagnostic criteria for Major Depressive Disorder. In addition, we provide an interview outline for evaluating adult depression. We review some treatment issues. We discuss the reality that most depressed adults cope without professional treatment. We discuss a low-level but chronic depression, Dysthymic Disorder, which lasts at least 2 years. We mention a few special topics regarding depression in adults. Finally, we present clinical guidelines, a chapter summary, and some suggested readings.