Every health care provider and mental health professional will encounter clients struggling with depression, yet many of these professionals don’t receive a thorough grounding on theory, research, and clinical guidelines regarding depression, and those who do sometimes have trouble keeping abreast of the literature (a literature that includes over 60,000 empirical publications since 1980!). This book provides a handy reference for such practitioners. This brief, practical guide provides an introduction or refresher on depression that is research-based yet accessible, practical, and easy to read and consult. 

The Symptoms, Signs, and Diagnosis of Depression

The symptoms, signs, and diagnosis of depression


In this chapter, we discuss the symptoms and signs of Major Depressive Disorder, as outlined in the fourth edition (text revision) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000a). We begin the chapter with a case study that illustrates the common symptoms and signs of Major Depressive Disorder. Next, we provide information on prevalence, demographics, symptoms, and comorbid conditions associated with depression. We discuss various assessment methods, including interviews and questionnaires, and we describe the typical course of depression. We present an interview outline for assessing depression, along with clinical guidelines for practitioners who are evaluating depressed patients. Finally, we present a summary and a list ...

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