This book explores the character of the political transformation and democratic transition in the Asian Muslim world. It asks whether democracy is appropriate and desirable as a political system for non-Western societies, and assesses the extent of actual democratization in each of the countries studied, namely, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey.
The book questions the widely held view that the socio-political ethos of Islam as a religion, and/or of Muslim countries as societal units, prevents Muslims from adopting democracy as a form of government. The contributors argue that this perception comes from post-9/11 studies of Arab states and that non-Arab Muslim populations in Asia and Africa do not fit the same mold. At the same time, it is clear that a single model of democracy cannot work across these six countries because each country has a different history and treaded on a different path in the quest for democracy.
Ultimately, this book concludes that there is no fundamental incompatibility between Islam and democracy in the Asian Muslim world.
Chapter 6: Interaction of Democracy and Islam in Turkey
Interaction of Democracy and Islam in Turkey
Turkey, in the eyes of many seasoned observers, is considered to be an ‘odd ball’ when it comes to international comparisons. Some readers would immediately object even to the title of this paper, hurrying to point out that Turkey is not a Muslim country or society. However, social science suggests that, each country, institution, entity, although exhibiting ‘unique’ characteristics, can, nevertheless, render itself to crude comparisons when the right sort of parameters are chosen. An attempt will be made in this survey to present data and indulge in an analysis about Turkey within a conceptual framework that might make some sort of a comparison possible. The key concepts to be utilised in ...