This book explores the character of the political transformation and democratic transition in the Asian Muslim world. It asks whether democracy is appropriate and desirable as a political system for non-Western societies, and assesses the extent of actual democratization in each of the countries studied, namely, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey.
The book questions the widely held view that the socio-political ethos of Islam as a religion, and/or of Muslim countries as societal units, prevents Muslims from adopting democracy as a form of government. The contributors argue that this perception comes from post-9/11 studies of Arab states and that non-Arab Muslim populations in Asia and Africa do not fit the same mold. At the same time, it is clear that a single model of democracy cannot work across these six countries because each country has a different history and treaded on a different path in the quest for democracy.
Ultimately, this book concludes that there is no fundamental incompatibility between Islam and democracy in the Asian Muslim world.
- Chapter 1: The Struggle for Democracy in Bangladesh
- Chapter 2: The Indonesian Experience in Implementing Democracy
- Chapter 3: The History of the Democratic Movement in Iran in the 20th Century
- Chapter 4: Islam and Democracy in Malaysia
- Chapter 5: Functioning of Democracy in Pakistan
- Chapter 6: Interaction of Democracy and Islam in Turkey