- Subject index
The book deals with the issues of democracy and development in major South Asian countries. In a comprehensive manner, it draws attention to various aspects like ethnicity, multiculturalism, authoritarianism, economic reforms, trade, armed rebellion, democracy movements, and federal pressures.
While examining the many facets of democracy and development in the region, the various contributors to the volume capture: the discontent in the political sphere within each country; how states navigate a maze of ethnic claims, multicultural compulsions, and separatist insurgencies; and; the region's optimism in economic reforms for development, peace-building processes for security, and democratization.
Chapter 7: Sri Lanka: To Federalize or Not to Federalize?
Sri Lanka: To Federalize or Not to Federalize?
In South Asia, India and Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) are the two countries that have continued to adhere to a vigorous electoral democracy and a semblance of democratic politics and judicial review despite growing internal and external pressures and violence. Sri Lanka has an unbroken record of democracy, though the post-Independence parliamentary constitution has had to undergo the trauma of national emergencies and a transition to a semi-presidential-cum-parliamentary regime of cohabitation between a directly elected president and a prime minister and his cabinet put in place by a parliamentary majority.
Sri Lanka became an independent state nearly six months after India. Both gained freedom from British colonial rule, with ...