The issue if criminal behavior among our youth is deeply troubling to Americans. There appears to be a profound depression among growing numbers of youth that life (either theirs or someone else's) has any value. A distinguished group of scholars addresses these issues and evaluates solutions from the perspectives and research offered by each of their disciplines. Delinquent Violent Youth opens with a literary and historical overview of crime amongst rural and urban youth, followed by a chapter that explores the theoretical and social policy thinking that grew from these traditions and shaped society's responses to youth in trouble. Next, the book reviews the vast literature concerning how families, peers, schools, and the community influence delinquent behavior. Subsequent chapters explore the role substances play in delinquent behavior; the influence television has on violent behavior in childhood and adolescence; the nature and treatment of violent behavior in adolescents and the implications for treatment; a developmental perspective of youth gangs; effective community-based approaches for treating juvenile offenders; effective interventions for incarcerated youth; and, the promotion of juvenile rightency. For graduate students, program directors, and clinicians who want to increase their knowledge of violent delinquent behavior, Delinquent Violent Youth offers a solid overview and guidance in the selection of approaches that work for intervening with violent youth.
Chapter 8: A Comprehensive Review of Community-Based Approaches for the Treatment of Juvenile Offenders
A Comprehensive Review of Community-Based Approaches for the Treatment of Juvenile Offenders
The treatment of juvenile offenders and the prevention of crimes committed by youths are pressing issues that have serious social and political ramifications. Reviews of the juvenile offender literature demonstrate equivocal findings that suggest a pessimistic view of the efficacy of traditional treatments, such as residential care or low-security incarceration (e.g., Mulvey, Arthur, & Reppucci, 1993). In contrast, it seems that community-based approaches to the treatment of juvenile offenders may have more potential for effecting long-term change in these difficult-to-treat youth (e.g., Tate, Reppucci, & Mulvey, 1995). Community-based programs offer several advantages above and beyond the traditional adult treatments that are often ...