`[The client material]... stimulated thought and reflection... Clark presented a large number of very tricky case studies and illustrated all manner of different and interesting ways of responding to clients who find it difficult to engage with the process of counselling. Furthermore, this is done in the framework of a model of counselling which integrates humanistic, psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioural theories in a most interesting and convincing way. In the end, I learned quite a lot and found myself pondering the case histories days later' - Counselling, The Journal of the British Association for Counselling The understanding of defence mechanisms is vital to counsellors and psychotherapists, particula



The man who can smile when things go wrong has thought of someone he can blame it on.

—Jones's Law

People frequently find it convenient and easy to place blame on others for their behavior, and this tendency becomes a compromising factor in understanding and clarifying client functioning in counseling. Various instances occur in the therapeutic experience in which a client shifts pent-up feelings toward other persons who are in vulnerable positions. For example, when ridiculed by his peers in school, a student goes home and picks on his younger brother and destroys furnishings in his home. In another instance, a young parent, feeling trapped in her small apartment, begins to take her feelings out on her two young children. Clients may also find relief from ...

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