Deeper Learning Through Technology: Using the Cloud to Individualize Instruction
Publication Year: 2015
Use the Cloud to Individualize Your Instruction and Watch Your Students Thrive! The advent of cloud-stored data that can be entered, changed, and accessed anywhere is a development full of potential for today’s classroom. This book is the all-in-one resource you need to be sure your students reap the fullest rewards from cloud-based developments. Teacher and top ed-blogger Ken Halla explains: • Strategies for leveraging the cloud to create a self-paced, learner-centered classroom • How to take advantage of tech tools to facilitate learning • Real-life case studies and activities to ensure an enjoyable implementation experience. Stay ahead of the curve with Ken Halla’s strategies, which you can implement the next morning. “Halla‘s book, written from practitioner experience, provides practical and simple integration techniques that ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- The Teacher as Leader of the Digital Classroom
- Chapter 1: Our Changing Digital World
- Chapter 2: Teacher Collaboration: Online Professional Learning Communities
- Chapter 3: Storing and Sharing in the Cloud
- The Self-Paced Student
- Chapter 4: The Self-Paced Anchor: Flipping the Classroom
- Chapter 5: Interactive Assignments
- Chapter 6: Student Collaboration: Engaging Students With Mobile Learning
- Chapter 7: Formative and Summative Assessment of Student Learning
- Chapter 8: Looking Forward Into the Present
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Copyright © 2015 by Corwin
All rights reserved. When forms and sample documents are included, their use is authorized only by educators, local school sites, and/or noncommercial or nonprofit entities that have purchased the book. Except for that usage, no part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Praise for Deeper Learning Through Technology: Using the Cloud to Individualize Instruction[Page i]
This is a great book for all educators. Spending time to learn how to employ technology tools for the classroom, especially when they are simple and free, saves hours of time per week and ultimately makes teachers’ lives much easier, so they can spend more time doing what they love—teaching.Co-Founder Remind.com
For teachers grappling with the rise of online learning in schools, this is a must read—a detailed nuts and bolts guide to classroom tools in the cloud.Co-Founder and Director, Christensen Institute Author of Disrupting Class: How Disruptive Innovation Will Change the Way the World Learns
One of the most common complaints I hear from students is that their teachers don’t understand how to effectively use technology to enhance learning. However, Ken Halla has become one of the most highly regarded teachers in our community as a result of his work engaging students in new ways, so much so that his trending hashtags on Twitter consistently inspire students to delve more deeply into course content outside of the classroom. I am so glad he has written this book to help other teachers and administrators learn from his successes.Fairfax County (VA) School Board
For most of history, where you were born and your proximity to books, resources, and libraries were factors that impacted your potential for academic success. This is no longer true. In our lifetime, there has been a fundamental shift to this longstanding reality. Today our teachers and students have 1 billion libraries and all the world’s information at our fingertips. Technology has integrated into the core of all our lives and into almost everything we do. In education, it is no longer a question of whether we integrate technology in education, it is a question of how we do it. What Ken Halla has done in Deeper Learning Through Technology is lay out how teachers can integrate technology into their classroom to not only take advantage of this new world we live in, but more importantly, to help teachers [Page ii] better meet the needs that students face today as they prepare to develop the knowledge, skills, and abilities they need to thrive in their futures. In this book, not only does Halla do a masterful job of covering all the important aspects, tools, and resources of education technology teachers need to understand, he supports what he highlights with real classroom examples and provides challenges teachers can take on as they master these skills. Whether you are a veteran to ed technology or just getting started, Halla’s book will help you tailor learning to meet the needs of your students and take on new teaching methodologies and tools to help you create the learner-focused classroom you want to build! This is a must have resource for today’s teachers!Global Education Evangelist Google
Technology is transforming the business of teaching and learning. Thankfully we have Ken Halla who provides here a timely guide to navigate this new digital classroom. Ken’s resourceful guide is for every teacher who wants to steer into the new world of teaching and learning with confidence.Social Studies Teacher Stevenson High SchoolCo-Founder, CitizenU.org
Ken Halla is a teacher committed to improving his craft by learning and interacting with other educators. His dedication to enhancing instructional practice and meeting the needs of every student through the integration of technology is well documented in this book. It is a must read for any educator interested in meeting the needs of 21st century students.Superintendent Westerville (OH) City School District
The author has made it easy for the teacher to work electronic devices into the classroom and prepare the students for a student-led classroom. The book is so organized that beginners can have success in a short amount of time. Students and teachers will love it.Technology and Science Instructor Neodesha Jr./Sr. High SchoolNeodesha, KS
This book provides a focus that is missing from most integration related resources. It focuses on changing instruction. Teachers will not be intimidated [Page iii]by the rationale and ideas the author presents. The examples are realistic, applicable, and easily reproducible by teachers.Technology Director Saint Peter Public SchoolsSt. Peter, MN
I am not just reading. I am learning on the spot. I can go to my classroom tomorrow and use information I learned about while reading. Our students love to use technology. Why not motivate them by using what they enjoy so much? This book will provide powerful information on how to engage your students with technology.Third Grade Teacher Lakeville ElementaryApopka, FL
Need to help your students become a 21st century learner? Look no further! This book is all you need and you too will learn something new!Instructional Technology Resource Teacher Essex County Public SchoolsTappahannock, VA
I am thrilled to have a copy of this book and want to get it into the hands of my principal, tech teacher and colleagues. It is a straight-forward, well-organized, and a smart approach to developing 21st century expertise in educators of every level. We need this book in my school system. If I had the power, I would order a copy for every employee and then set about forming PLNs for its use.Teacher Peeples Elementary SchoolFayetteville, GA[Page iv]
This book is dedicated to these important people in my life.
My wife, Debbie, who is always supportive of my projects.
My kids, Madison, Alexandra, and Grant, who often did their homework as Dad did his writing.
My grandfather Paul, who gave me my middle name and who was the first teacher in my family. I only wish we could have shared our teaching experiences with each other.
The thousands of students I have taught over the years. I love teaching the content, but my students are the ones who drive me the most and make me want to improve my craft continually.
Links for a Teacher’s Guide to Student Self-Pacing in the Digital Classroom[Page xiii]Chapter 1. Our Changing Digital World
[Page xiv]Chapter 2. Teacher Collaboration: Online Professional Learning Communities
- TED Talks www.ted.com/
- Ken Robinson, Changing Education Paradigmshttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zDZFcDGpL4U
- Choosing a Browser
- Searching the Web: YouTube http://youtube.com
- TED Presentation by Eli Parisen http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8ofWFx525s&feature=player_embedded
- DuckDuckGo https://duckduckgo.com
- Citations Made Easy: EasyBib http://www.easybib.com/
- Literate Digital Citizens: Project RED:http://pearsonfoundation.org/downloads/ProjectRED_TheTechnolgyFactor.pdf
Chapter 4. The Self-Paced Anchor: Flipping the Classroom
- Twitter twitter.com
- Cool Cat Teacher = @coolcatteacher https://twitter.com/coolcatteacher
- We Are Teachers = @WeAreTeachers https://twitter.com/WeAreTeachers
- Eric Sheninger = @E_Sheninger https://twitter.com/NMHS_Principal
- Richard Byrne = @rmbyrne https://twitter.com/rmbyrne
- Shelly Terrell = @ShellTerrell https://twitter.com/ShellTerrell
- Ken Halla = @kenhalla https://twitter.com/kenhalla
- Keeping Tweets With Storify https://storify.com/
- Google Plus Communities
- Google Plus http://plus.google.com
- Google for Education https://plus.google.com/+GoogleforEducation/posts
- Education Week https://plus.google.com/+EducationWeek/posts
- Education Revolutionhttps://plus.google.com/communities/104214480154015052148
- Google Certified Teachers https://plus.google.com/communities/117648313735580056690
- Google Apps for Educationhttps://plus.google.com/communities/101802680117484972712
- NeedToMeet http://www.needtomeet.com/
- Educator Blogs
- Edublogs http://edublogs.org/community/
- Edudemic http://www.edudemic.com/teacher-blogs/[Page xv]
- The Teacher’s Guides to Technology and Learning http://www.edudemic.com/guides/
- Free Tech 4 Teachers http://www.freetech4teachers.com/
- English Teacher Blogshttp://www.englishteacherwebsites.com/teacherblogs.html
- Top 50 Science Teacher Blogshttp://www.teachercertificationdegrees.com/top-blogs/science-teacher/
Chapter 5. Interactive Assignments
- Flipped Video Connections
- Kahn Academy https://www.khanacademy.org/
- Math is Power http://mathispower4u.yolasite.com/
- Knowmia http://www.knowmia.com/
- Teacher Tube http://www.teachertube.com/[Page xvi]
- PBS Teachers’ Page http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/
- National Geographic http://video.nationalgeographic.com/
- Smithsonian Educators http://www.si.edu/Educators
- Twitter Handles
- Jon Bergmann Science @jonbergmann http://twitter.com/#!/jonbergmann
- Aaron Sams Science @chemicalsams http://twitter.com/#!/chemicalsams
- Brian Bennett Science @bennettscience http://twitter.com/#!/chemicalsams
- Phil McIntosh Math @mistermcintosh http://twitter.com/#!/mistermcintosh
- April Gudenrath English @agudteach http://twitter.com/#!/search/agudteach
- Ramsey Musallam Science @ramusallam http://twitter.com/#!/ramusallam
- Jason Kern Civics @jasonmkern http://twitter.com/#!/jasonmkern
- Ken Halla Social Studies @kenhalla https://twitter.com/kenhalla
- Karl Lindgren-Streicher History @LS_Karl https://twitter.com/LS_Karl
- Tara Becker-Utess Government @t_becker10 https://twitter.com/t_becker10
- Stacey Roshan Math @buddyxo https://twitter.com/buddyxo
- Steve Kelly Math @bigkxcountry https://twitter.com/bigkxcountry
- Dan Muscarella Math @danmuscarella https://twitter.com/danmuscarella
- Kristin Daniels Technology @kadaniels https://twitter.com/kadaniels
- Lindsay Cole Biology @lindsaybcole https://twitter.com/lindsaybcole
- Cheryl Morris English @guster4lovers https://twitter.com/guster4lovers
Andrew Thomasson English @thomasson_engl https://twitter.com/thomasson_engl
Source: Spencer, 2013.
Chapter 6. Student Collaboration: Engaging Students With Mobile Learning
- Student reading level: Mind Sprintinghttp://www.mindsprinting.com/mindsprinting/dashboard/assessmenttest/freeassessmenttest.aspx
- Textbook Reading Levels
- Readability Test Tool http://www.read-able.com/
- Google Books books.google.com
- Gunning Fog Index http://en.winkipedia.org/wiki/Gunning_Fog_Index[Page xvii]
- SMOG Index http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMOG
- Fry Readability Formula http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fry_readability_formula
- Coleman-Lieu Index http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coleman%E2%80%93Liau_index
- Learning Styles
- Felder and Silverman http://www.engr.ncsu.edu/learningstyles/ilsweb.html
- Felder’s Index of Learning Styles http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSpage.html
- Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy Wheel and Knowledge Dimension http://eductechalogy.org/swfapp/blooms/wheel/engage.swf
- Free Textbook Resources: Hippocampus http://www.hippocampus.org
- iBook Author https://www.apple.com/ibooks-author/
- Rubric: Rubistar http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php
Chapter 7. Formative and Summative Assessment of Student Learning
- Changing Teaching Styles in a Digital Classroom
- Grooveshark http://grooveshark.com
- Google Play https://play.google.com/store?hl=en
- Free Conference Call https://www.freeconferencecall.com
- Face to Faith http://tonyblairfaithfoundation.org/projects/facetofaith
- Other Tools to Engage Students
Chapter 8. Looking Forward Into the Present
- Preparing the Formative and Summative Evaluations
- Google Hangouts https://www.google.com/+/learnmore/hangouts/
- Free Conference Call https://www.freeconferencecall.com
- Twitter http://twitter.com
- TodaysMeet http://todaysmeet.com/
- Flubaroo http://www.flubaroo.com
- Poll Everywhere http://www.polleverywhere.com/
- Cel.ly http://cel.ly/
- Quizlet http://quizlet.com/
- (no links)
Preface[Page xix]Purpose and Rationale
Deeper Learning Through Technology is a practical guide for teachers to help them to further integrate technology into their classrooms to better meet student needs. The chapters will highlight practical applications that you can employ right away or use as a guide to implement over the school year. Ideally it will be a stepping stone for you to become your own digital muse so that you will be able to find your own resources, improve your classroom, and one day write a book for me to read on how I, too, can change my craft. Be forewarned, though, this is not about integrating technology for the sake of technology, but rather about how to use technology to more effectively individualize learning for your students.
This book is written for teachers who realize that their classes have been infiltrated by technology with or without their permission. Just a few years ago, very few students had cell phones. Now most not only have smartphones, but often prefer using them to laptops or even tablets. One of the most ubiquitous devices in our society—the iPhone—did not come out until 2007, and the iPad has been available only since 2010. Since the iPad, there has been a proliferation of cheaper tablets and laptops on the market, prompting more students to want to bring a myriad of different Internet-based devices to your classroom. This is in addition to all of the devices schools are purchasing. This book aims to help prepare you for these changes. It is meant as a practical learning manual for teachers and content administrators who are struggling to teach an ever-growing curriculum and skill set as efficiently as possible.
[Page xx]The goal of this book is to demonstrate and guide second-order change in classrooms. An example of first-order change is when a teacher uses technology to do something that she used to do with paper. Having students write on digitized paper might help the student better prepare for the digitized workforce, but doesn’t necessarily make for better learning. On the other hand, second-order change involves utilizing technology and new resources to accomplish tasks and goals that have previously been impossible, such as collaborating with experts in fields of study or having students collaborate on projects with other students from around the country and around the world.A Brief Overview
Part I explores the teacher as a lifelong learner and offers tips on how teachers can pursue their professional learning on an ongoing basis. It will serve as a foundation to give teachers the tools to continue the learning process, even as the needs of their students continue to change and the digital environment develops further. To that end, the first half of this book can be used by any educator, be she or he a principal, central administrator, or a teacher to expand his or her learning on a daily basis.
Part II specifically looks at pacing classes to meet the needs of individual learners, acknowledging that not all students will learn at the same speed. The book will further be broken up into the following chapters.Part I: The Teacher as Leader of the Digital Classroom
Part I will introduce educators to many Internet tools that can be utilized to improve not only student learning but also their own professional learning. Ideally, these online tools will help bring about the second-order changes in teaching and learning that we as educators should be aiming for.
Chapter 1. Our Changing Digital World. This chapter details the responsibilities of teachers and students in the digital age. Students need to focus on creating positive digital footprints, and educators have to be aware of their mandate to protect pupils. The chapter concludes with examples of changes that technology can facilitate such as placing student work online (first-order) or [Page xxi]fundamentally changing the way teachers teach (second-order).
Chapter 2. Teacher Collaboration: Online Professional Learning Communities. One of the most profound and widespread changes in education in the last decade has been the advent of professional learning communities (PLCs). Unfortunately these have been largely limited to content teams within schools. This chapter will show readers how to expand their professional learning communities beyond the school doors across the state, the country, and even the world. By using technology to effect second-order change, teachers will learn how to collaborate with educators they might never meet but who can profoundly enrich their classrooms.
Chapter 3. Storing and Sharing in the Cloud. This chapter will instruct teachers on how to store ideas in the cloud so that the information can be shared with others. By storing information in the cloud, it is accessible at any time on any Internet-based device. Teachers will also learn how to facilitate collaboration between students—within their own classroom, with students from other schools, even with students from around the world.Part II: The Self-Paced Student
This section makes the case that students learn more effectively at their own pace and offers strategies to help teachers design individualized instruction for their students.
Chapter 4. The Self-Paced Anchor: Flipping the Classroom. This chapter will explain how teachers can deliver content information to students to be consumed at home at their own pace while spending class time providing interactive lessons. This chapter builds on Chapter 3 by detailing the many ways Google Drive can be used to facilitate the flipped classroom.
Chapter 5. Interactive Assignments. This section looks at student abilities, the reading level of materials, and the way material is presented. It builds on Chapter 4’s flipped videos by showing teachers how to build interactive lessons, with the teacher serving as the facilitator of interactive student learning. To do this will mean looking at student abilities and at Bloom’s taxonomy to develop higher-level student assignments.
Chapter 6. Student Collaboration: Engaging Students With Mobile Learning. This chapter will explore the benefits both of student collaboration as well as how to enhance it with mobile technology. Collaborative learning can take place both face-to-face within the classroom, and also in virtual time and space in the cloud.
Chapter 7. Formative and Summative Assessment of Student Learning. Teachers will learn how to conduct formative and summative [Page xxii]assessments using online tools. The chapter will also explore test review resources (made by other teachers and students) stored in the cloud.
Chapter 8. Looking Forward Into the Present. This chapter summarizes the major components of the book and ends with a look at Mooresville, North Carolina, a school system that embraces technology and that, as a result, has seen dramatic improvement in its test scores.Why You Should Buy This Book
This book will help you bring a revolution in learning to your classroom! You will learn how to
- Expand your Professional Learning Community (PLC) beyond your school or district’s boundaries. This will help you generate amazing new ideas with the advice of the many online leaders you will find by following the suggestions in this book.
- Individualize instruction, tailoring learning to the pace and needs of each student. You will be better able to differentiate and also have more one-on-one time with each student.
- Tackle new tech tools so that you can create a learner-centered, self-paced classroom. You will find chapters filled with easy to understand bullet points that will help you ease into new tools or explore previously known tools in more depth.
- Find real classroom examples that show you how you too can implement the strategies described in the book.
- Be challenged. Each chapter contains five Educator Challenges to help you focus on changing your classroom as slowly or as quickly as you feel appropriate.
This book is meant to be used two ways. For those with little experience in implementing Internet-based learning, it can be used to incorporate bite-sized chunks of change. For those who already have been making the shift into digital education and are ready to dive in headfirst, this book can fundamentally change the way you are teaching. So let’s get going!
Ayear ago I was asked by Corwin if I would write a book. I had been thinking of such an endeavor for some time, so I knocked out the first draft in just three months. But then I spent the next nine drafting and redrafting. During that time, Desirée Bartlett was an extremely thoughtful editor who, thankfully, set strong deadlines and deserves most of the credit for the quality of this book. It was at times frustrating for both of us but, ultimately, a very rewarding learning experience.
Thanks also to my developmental editor, Frank Franz, for not only reading my book and giving me numerous suggestions but also for letting me bounce ideas off him for the last decade.
Finally thank you to the many peer reviewers who took the time to give me numerous suggestions for improving this book.Publisher’s Acknowledgments
Corwin gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following reviewers:
- Tamara Daugherty, Third-Grade Teacher
- Lakeville Elementary
- Apopka, FL
- Susan Harmon, Middle School Teacher
- Neodesha Jr./Sr. High School
- Neodesha, KS
- Alexis Ludewig, Supervisor of Student Teachers
- University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh
- Oshkosh, WI[Page xxiv]
- John Lustig, Technology Director
- Saint Peter Public Schools
- St. Peter, MN
- Dr. Gary L. Willhite, Professor
- University of Wisconsin–La Crosse
- La Crosse, WI
About the Author
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