This major new textbook by Jaan Valsiner focuses on the interface between cultural psychology and developmental psychology. Intended for students from undergraduate level upwards, the book provides a wide-ranging overview of the cultural perspective on human development, with illustrations from pre-natal development to adulthood. A key feature is the broad coverage of theoretical and methodological issues which have relevance to this truly interdisciplinary field of enquiry encompassing developmental psychology, cultural anthropology and comparative sociology. The text is organized into five coherent parts: Part 1: Developmental theory and methodology; Part 2: Analysis of environments for human development Part 3:
Chapter 10: The Second Year of Life, and Beyond
The Second Year of Life, and Beyond
The cultural expectations for children's motor development are reflected in the age period description of children. In psychology, such age periodizations are often linked with either levels of motor development (in early childhood), or with socio-institutional embeddedness of the children (for example, ‘kindergarteners’, ‘preschoolers’, ‘3rd graders’).
Children in their second year of life are often referred to as ‘toddlers’. That term is unabashedly English-language centred: no equivalents exist in other major languages. A ‘toddler’ is a little human being who toddles around, still exercising the skills of bipedal walking. In the third year of life, when walking becomes well-established and exploration of language use becomes a major proccupation, we do not have a ...