The ‘Frankfurt School’ refers to a group of German-American theorists who developed powerful analyses of the changes in Western capitalist societies that have occurred since the classical theory of Marx.1 Working at the Institut for Sozialforschung in Frankfurt, Germany, in the late 1920s and early 1930s, theorists such as Max Horkheimer, Theodor. W. Adorno, Herbert Marcuse, Leo Löwenthal, and Erich Fromm analyzed a wide variety of cultural phenomena, ranging from mass culture and communication to classical music and literature. While Adorno, Löwenthal, and Marcuse are well known as literary theorists, the Frankfurt School also produced some of the first accounts within critical social theory of the importance of mass culture and communication in social reproduction and domination. In their theory ...
The Frankfurt School
The frankfurt school