Volume 3 of the Cultures & Globalization series, Creativity and Innovations, explores the interactions between globalization and the forms of cultural expression that are their basic resource. Bringing together over 25 high-profile authors from around the world, this volume addresses such questions as: What impacts does globalization have on cultural creativity and innovation? How is the evolving world ‘map’ of creativity related to the drivers and patterns of globalization? What are the relationships between creative acts, clusters, genres or institutions and cultural diversity?
Chapter 2.3: Measuring Creativity and Innovation
Measuring Creativity and Innovation
‘If frequent teabreaks and other manifestations of disguised leisure are regarded as goods, and economics suggests that they be so regarded, their inclusion in any index of output per capita might go some way to enhance Britain's comparative performance.’
Creativity and innovation have become central issues in the debate on economic competitiveness over the last two decades or so. Although already in 1939 Schumpeter described ‘creative destruction’ as the single main task of the entrepreneur, mainstream neoclassical economics has only recently begun to concern itself with the question of economic change (Nelson, 2007: 28). In this context, notions such as the knowledge society or the knowledge economy (e.g., Sorlin and Vessuri, 2007) have given rise to deeper ...