By exploring the key issues, arguments and messages that exist in the field, Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Early Childhood provides an international, comparative look at aspects of early childhood education and care. Pedagogical practices, learning cultures and the professional development of practitioners are considered within the wider political agenda of different countries. Pertinent policy and practice issues, such as numeracy and literacy, are carefully examined. Theodora Papatheodorou and Janet Moyles highlight how important it is to engage with and listen to children, to provide positive learning encounters.
Part 2: Cultures of Pedagogy
[Page 74]As we have seen in Part 1: Part 1, culture covers a broad spectrum in relation to children's learning. In this section, writers discuss the evolving cultures of pedagogy, considering policy initiatives and the wider national and local context. We also include the culture of home and school interactions but we begin this introduction with pedagogy which is essentially the relationship between the two concepts of learning and teaching.
In one definition offered by Stewart and Pugh, pedagogy is defined as:
the understanding of how children learn and develop, and the practices through which we can enhance that process. It is rooted in values and beliefs about what we want for children, and supported by knowledge, theory and experience. ...