Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results.

This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method.

The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and I explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.

Cultural Differences Between East Asia and the Arab World

Cultural differences between east asia and the arab world

This section is devoted to some important cultural differences between two major regions of the world. The first is represented by East Asia: the Chinese speaking countries, South Korea, and Japan. Some European nations, especially those in Eastern Europe, gravitate in the same direction.

The most salient representatives of the second region are the Arab countries. Some other Islamic societies, from Iran to Pakistan, as well as many sub-Saharan African countries and northern Latin America, are also close to them on the cultural characteristics discussed below.


The Arab countries typically have the highest scores on measures of religiousness in the World Values Survey, on items such as the importance ...

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