Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results.

This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method.

The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and I explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.

Cultural Differences Between Eastern Europe and Latin America

Cultural differences between Eastern Europe and Latin America

This chapter outlines some of the most striking differences between two groups of countries in the developing world. The most extreme representative of the first group are the northern Latin American countries that have been studied by the World Values Survey: Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela. The southern part of Latin America—Argentina, Chile, Brazil, and Peru—also gravitates in the same direction in terms of its cultural characteristics but has less extreme scores on the indicators that are discussed in this chapter.

At the other extreme are the Eastern European countries, including the European and Caucasian part of the former Soviet Union. Most of developing Asia, especially China, ...

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