Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results.
This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method.
The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and I explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.
Chapter 11: Cultural Differences Across Rich Countries
Cultural Differences Across Rich Countries
The previous chapter described aspects of culture that are dependent on national wealth. Further, Inglehart's (2008) analysis demonstrates that wealthy countries can experience partial cultural convergence, probably as a result, among other things, of continuing economic development. A comparison of various social indicators allows the same conclusion. The cultures of the developing countries have enormous differences in murder rates, HIV rates, adolescent fertility rates, and educational achievement, whereas those of the rich countries show only minor differences.
But are there any remaining important cultural differences between some rich countries? The answer is certainly positive. Below are examples of some of the most striking differences revealed in the studies in Part III.
The available educational achievement indicators ...