Cross-Cultural Analysis is the sequel to Culture's Consequences, the classic work published by Geert Hofstede, one of the most influential management thinkers in today's times. Hofstede's original work introduced a new research paradigm in cross-cultural analysis: studying cultural differences through nation-level dimensions (complex variables defined by intercorrelated items). This paradigm has been subsequently used by hundreds of prominent scholars all over the world and has produced solid results.
This new text takes the next step: It critically examines in one comprehensive volume the current, prevalent approaches to cross-cultural analysis at the level of nations that have been developed since Hofstede's work, offering students and researchers the theoretical and practical advantages and potential pitfalls of each method.
The book is structured into four distinct parts. Parts I and II focus on the main theoretical and statistical issues in cross-cultural analysis using Hofstede's approach and the different research methods now associated with it. Part II consists of presentations of all well-known (and some lesser known) large-scale cross-cultural studies since Hofstede's work that have explained cross-cultural variation in terms of dimensional models. Part III summarizes the main conclusions to be drawn from the presentations in Part II and I explains how the proposed models have contributed to our practical understanding of cross-cultural diversity.
Chapter 10: Cultural Differences Between Rich and Developing Countries
Cultural Differences Between Rich and Developing Countries
This part of the book briefly summarizes the main findings of the studies in Part III and some other research projects, outlining major cultural differences across the modern world. The reader will also find suggestions concerning the potential origins of these differences. The analysis is deliberately brief and cursory: Its goal is to provide a condensed description of the most salient and well-documented cultural differences across the globe's main economic and geographic regions.
We start with the best-documented cultural differences: those between rich and developing countries. Most of the studies in Part III of this book produced dimensions of national culture that are highly correlated with national wealth. This means that many features ...