Drawing on a wealth of local, national and international sources, unpublished documents and original research, this book provides a theoretical and practical critique of victimology. The authors outline and discuss the issues facing victims today and address the fundamental question: How can we best ensure justice for victims, while at the same time preserving the rights of defendants? The search for answers raises other key questions: What are the risks of crime and do they vary from country to country? What is the impact of crime on the victim? How are victims treated by police, welfare agencies and courts? Why have governments become interested in victims? Can we learn from the experiences of policies in other nations? H
Chapter 2: Crime and its Impact
Crime and its Impact
The extent to which people define crime as a problem depends, in part, on what kind of crime is being referred to. Arguably, it is still fair to say that for most people their first thought about crime would relate to images of street crime (‘mugging’), burglary or – in the case of women – rape. However, it is also fair to suggest that as a result of changes during the 1980s those first thoughts might, fairly rapidly, develop into broader images to include the sexually abused child or the victim of an industrial ‘accident’. And although some of the research concerned with criminal victimization has attempted to incorporate such a broader understanding, much of it still reflects ...