Critical Theory traces its roots from Marxism, through the renowned Frankfurt School, to a wide array of national and cultural traditions. Raymond Morrow's book traces the history and outlines the major tenets of critical theory for an undergraduate audience. He exemplifies the theory through an analysis of two leading social theorists: J[um]urgen Habermas and Anthony Giddens. Unique to this volume is the emphasis on the link between Critical Theory and empirical research and social science methodology, often thought to be incompatible.
Chapter 8: Deconstructing the Conventional Discourse of Methodology: Quantitative versus Qualitative Methods
Deconstructing the Conventional Discourse of Methodology: Quantitative versus Qualitative Methods
For sociology the question of the relation between quantitative and qualitative analysis is an immediate and timely one, because the insights which mediate between statistical methods and their adequate applicability to specific contents are to a great degree qualitative ones. (Frankfurt Institute for Social Research 1972, p. 122)
The preceding reconstruction of the research program of critical theory was incomplete in an important respect: It did not fully explicate the practical methodological implications. To do so first requires opening up the question of the role of quantification in social science and the role of empirical analysis in theory construction. At this point it is thus necessary to ...