Critical Theory traces its roots from Marxism, through the renowned Frankfurt School, to a wide array of national and cultural traditions. Raymond Morrow's book traces the history and outlines the major tenets of critical theory for an undergraduate audience. He exemplifies the theory through an analysis of two leading social theorists: J[um]urgen Habermas and Anthony Giddens. Unique to this volume is the emphasis on the link between Critical Theory and empirical research and social science methodology, often thought to be incompatible.
Chapter 7: Contemporary Critical Theory as a Research Program: Giddens and Habermas
Contemporary Critical Theory as a Research Program: Giddens and Habermas
The circle of transmitters of this tradition is neither limited nor renewed by organic or sociological laws. It is constituted and maintained not by biological or testamentary inheritance, but by a knowledge which brings its own obligations with it. And even this knowledge guarantees only a contemporary, not a future community of transmitters. The theory may be stamped with every logical criterion, but to the end of the age it will lack the seal of approval which victory brings. (Horkheimer  1972a, p. 241)
Critical social theory does not relate to established lines of research as a competitor; starting from its concept of the rise of modern ...