Critical Theory traces its roots from Marxism, through the renowned Frankfurt School, to a wide array of national and cultural traditions. Raymond Morrow's book traces the history and outlines the major tenets of critical theory for an undergraduate audience. He exemplifies the theory through an analysis of two leading social theorists: J[um]urgen Habermas and Anthony Giddens. Unique to this volume is the emphasis on the link between Critical Theory and empirical research and social science methodology, often thought to be incompatible.
Chapter 5: Postempiricist Metatheory and the Human Sciences: Interim Developments
Postempiricist Metatheory and the Human Sciences: Interim Developments
The opposition between the universal and the unique, between nomothetic analysis and idiographic description, is a false antinomy. (Pierre Bourdieu in Bourdieu and Wacquant 1992, p. 75)
This chapter surveys some of the interim developments in social theory between the early Frankfurt School and the syntheses developed by Habermas (beginning in the early 1960s) and Giddens (beginning in the early 1970s). It complements Chapter 3, which introduced the postempiricist critiques of positivism in the natural sciences. Here the focus shifts to the broader range of debates that have impinged on the discourse of recent postempiricist metatheory in the human sciences.
This intermezzo serves several purposes. First, it introduces the kinds of debates ...