Critical Theory traces its roots from Marxism, through the renowned Frankfurt School, to a wide array of national and cultural traditions. Raymond Morrow's book traces the history and outlines the major tenets of critical theory for an undergraduate audience. He exemplifies the theory through an analysis of two leading social theorists: J[um]urgen Habermas and Anthony Giddens. Unique to this volume is the emphasis on the link between Critical Theory and empirical research and social science methodology, often thought to be incompatible.

Early Critical Theory as a Research Program: A Historical Introduction

Early Critical Theory as a Research Program: A Historical Introduction

Early critical theory as a research program: A historical introduction

Just those who feel a responsibility toward theory will have to confront its doubtful aspects as relentlessly as they confront the inadequacies of mere empiricism. … Therefore critical reflection about empirical social research is necessary, and also an incisive familiarity with its results. (Frankfurt Institute for Social Research 1972, p. 119)

Knowledge in this traditional sense, including every type of experience, is preserved in critical theory and practice. But in regard to the essential kind of change at which the critical theory aims, there can be no corresponding concrete perception of it until it actually comes about. If the proof of the pudding is in the eating ...

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