Critical Theory traces its roots from Marxism, through the renowned Frankfurt School, to a wide array of national and cultural traditions. Raymond Morrow's book traces the history and outlines the major tenets of critical theory for an undergraduate audience. He exemplifies the theory through an analysis of two leading social theorists: J[um]urgen Habermas and Anthony Giddens. Unique to this volume is the emphasis on the link between Critical Theory and empirical research and social science methodology, often thought to be incompatible.
Chapter 11: Contexts of Critical Empirical Research
Contexts of Critical Empirical Research
The concrete is concrete because it is the concentration of many determinations, hence unity of the diverse … the method rising from the abstract to the concrete is the only way in which thought appropriates the concrete, reproduces it as the concrete in the mind. (Marx cited in Tucker 1978, p. 237)
The problem of the relation between the constitution (or, as I shall often say, production and reproduction) of society by actors, and the constitution of those actors by the society of which they are members, has nothing to do with a differentiation between micro- and macro-sociology; it cuts across any such division. (Giddens 1976, p. 22)
The world is systematized horror, but therefore it is to ...