Critical Themes in Indian Sociology brings together the writings of a number of scholars—both well established and younger, in India and in different parts of the world—on various themes that express the richness and diversity that defines sociological scholarship on India. The book reflects changes in scholarship over time and charts out new subjects and methods for the study of social life in India. Commemorating the 50 plus years since Contributions to Indian Sociology was first published, this book is a tribute to a journal that has sustained an internationally acclaimed and rigorous sociological engagement with India. Comprising a wide range of themes such as village, city, class, caste, politics, gender, sexuality, media, food and education, this book presents a concise, yet in-depth sense of a sociological view of India today.
Chapter 11: Cultures of Work in India's ‘New Economy’
Cultures of Work in India's ‘New Economy’
Sociologists have mapped some of the myriad social and cultural changes that have occurred in India following the economic reforms of the 1990s, from the expansion and transformation of the middle class and the globalisation of cities to the new media landscape and growing consumer culture. But other developments of the post-liberalisation era have been relatively understudied, especially changing patterns of work and employment. With the dismantling of public-sector industries, increased private capital investment and the expansion of the service sector, a range of new organisations, occupations and forms of work have appeared, from highly paid employment in software engineering or financial services to less skilled ...