Critical Themes in Indian Sociology brings together the writings of a number of scholars—both well established and younger, in India and in different parts of the world—on various themes that express the richness and diversity that defines sociological scholarship on India. The book reflects changes in scholarship over time and charts out new subjects and methods for the study of social life in India. Commemorating the 50 plus years since Contributions to Indian Sociology was first published, this book is a tribute to a journal that has sustained an internationally acclaimed and rigorous sociological engagement with India. Comprising a wide range of themes such as village, city, class, caste, politics, gender, sexuality, media, food and education, this book presents a concise, yet in-depth sense of a sociological view of India today.
Chapter 16: Tribe, Egalitarian Values, Autonomy and the State
Tribe, Egalitarian Values, Autonomy and the State
One of the most significant human costs of the development trajectory of accumulation by dispossession (Harvey 2004) that India is currently pursuing for economic growth is that of the destruction of the livelihoods and lives of its forest-dwelling communities in central and eastern India. The proposed corporate national and multinational mining projects to harvest the mineral reserves that lie under lands historically protected for Adivasis will not only alienate and pauperise them but also lead to the destruction of rich societies that have had relatively egalitarian values, in a country often seen as the land of quintessential hierarchy. In this essay, I analyse Adivasi egalitarian values, ...