Critical Themes in Indian Sociology brings together the writings of a number of scholars—both well established and younger, in India and in different parts of the world—on various themes that express the richness and diversity that defines sociological scholarship on India. The book reflects changes in scholarship over time and charts out new subjects and methods for the study of social life in India. Commemorating the 50 plus years since Contributions to Indian Sociology was first published, this book is a tribute to a journal that has sustained an internationally acclaimed and rigorous sociological engagement with India. Comprising a wide range of themes such as village, city, class, caste, politics, gender, sexuality, media, food and education, this book presents a concise, yet in-depth sense of a sociological view of India today.

The Sociology of Labour in India

The Sociology of Labour in India

The sociology of labour in india
Geert De Neve

Labouring in ‘Village’ India

While it is now a challenge to review the expansive sociology of labour in India, it was not until the 1970s that labour became an explicit theme of study for anthropologists and sociologists of the subcontinent—with some notable exceptions such as the hugely influential early work of scholars like Breman (1985, 1993, 1994, 1996) and Holmström (1976). Until then, the study of labour was largely subsumed within broader studies of agrarian relations and village economies, and broadly focused on two types of relationships.

The first was the study of the ‘jajmani system’, which for long offered an almost hegemonic image of village labour relations. The ...

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