This text provides professionals with the skills needed to effectively assist survivors of disasters, including Hurricane Katrina, with healing, recovery, and resilience. This comprehensive collection includes powerful, direct accounts of first responders and the organizations they represent. Taking a practical, skill-building approach, it offers clear and pragmatic recommendations to help providers, educators, advocates, and policymakers better understand how to meet the needs of children, families, and communities in the aftermath of disasters.
Provides a substantial review of the current theoretical and research literature on disasters and disaster response; Emphasizes multicultural competency in the aftereffects of disasters; Uses a practical skill-building approach to develop competencies in crisis work; Covers the spiritual dimensions of healing as well as funeral practices to encourage discussion on grief and mourning
This book is a must-have reference for mental health practitioners. For graduate students of counseling, psychology, or social work, Crisis and Disaster Counseling will clarify how theory and research can be applied to practice and policy.
Chapter 4: Effective Disaster and Crisis Interventions
Effective Disaster and Crisis Interventions
The primary objective of disaster interventions is the stabilization of injury and illness and the preservation of life. The priority of those responding to a disaster is attention to the physical and psychological needs of survivors. Mental health professionals who provide psychological first aid in the aftermath of natural disasters must be adequately prepared.
- Defines a crisis and discusses its expectable phases and reactions;
- Discusses effective disaster interventions and important ecological and cultural considerations for disaster responders;
- Reviews important principles and guidelines that address the psychological needs of survivors; and
- Outlines specific interventions and the appropriate steps in disaster counseling.
Defining a Crisis
Caplan's (1964) conceptualization of “psychological disequilibrium” and an individual's inability to escape its debilitating consequences is frequently cited ...