This clear, concise text sets out the relationship between political theory and criminology. It critically analyses key theories and debates to shed new light on criminological topics and the political ideas that lie beneath them. The book draws the attention of criminologists to political ideas, placing political themes at the heart of criminological speculation. Organized around key criminological concepts and issues, the book covers all the main topics, including:
- Power and ideology
- The nature of the state
- Social control and policing
- Economics and criminal activity
The book has been carefully developed to support practical teaching and learning. It contains chapter summaries, further reading and a comprehensive glossary, which combined, provide a comprehensive understanding of the themes. The book is essential for upper level undergraduates, postgraduates and academics in Criminology and Criminal Justice. It will also appeal to professionals, academics and students in Law and Politics.
Chapter 2: Economics and Criminal Activity
Economics and Criminal Activity
The history of risk distribution shows that, like wealth, risks adhere to the class pattern only inversely; wealth accumulates at the top, risks at the bottom. To that extent, risks seem to strengthen, not to abolish the class society. Poverty attracts an unfortunate abundance of risks. By contrast, the wealthy (in income, power or education) can purchase safety and freedom from risk.
It is taken as read that there is a clear link between crime and the economy. Some scholars have made more of economic factors than others, but nobody rejects the idea that there is some connection between them. If we look over the history of Criminology, we note the moral statisticians such as Quetelet, the ...