The authors are very well known in this small but growing subfield of criminology.They discuss biological and genetic research associated with criminality, as well as discuss research into specific environmental agents that cause, facilitate, or maintain criminal propensity. This text is geared for upper level undergraduate and graduate students in criminal justice and criminology, sociology, and psychology programs. Features and Benefits □ Introduces the reader to the life-course perspective, a “hot topic” in criminology theory □ Integrates both studies in life-course and research involving biological and genetic factors in crime behavior/propensity with discussions of cutting edge research □ Includes boxes on “Stanley,” a life-course persistent thief, in each chapter. □ Illustration program contains diagrams of the brain and nervous system, photos, etc. to aid students' understanding of the biological content. □ Includes pedagogical features such as a number of special interest boxes on topics such as the influence of lead on brain development, and the limitations of parental influences New to this Edition: • Two new chapters ‘Special Topics in the Life Course: Psychopathy, Early Onset, and Drug Influences on Criminality’ and ‘Special Topics in the Life Course: Families and Crime’ • Updated and revised chapters due to major research developments in this fast moving field • This edition incorporates findings from over 160 new studies that were not included in the first edition • Review questions at ends of chapters • Incorporates policy discussions

Policy Recommendations
Policy recommendations

We arrive at the last chapter cautiously hopeful. If we have done our job, you should have a better sense of the complexity of criminality. You should also have a better understanding of how biological and social variables combine and interact, in some cases, to produce pathological behavior and in other cases, to produce human resilience.

We are also optimistic. We are optimistic because a biosocial understanding of the development of criminality points to opportunities for effective intervention and prevention. Indeed, there is now consistent empirical evidence that a range of planned and directed efforts can prevent criminality or can reduce criminal behavior once criminality emerges. By pinpointing critical periods of development, dynamic risk factors, and sources of potential, it is possible ...

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