The authors are very well known in this small but growing subfield of criminology.They discuss biological and genetic research associated with criminality, as well as discuss research into specific environmental agents that cause, facilitate, or maintain criminal propensity. This text is geared for upper level undergraduate and graduate students in criminal justice and criminology, sociology, and psychology programs. Features and Benefits □ Introduces the reader to the life-course perspective, a “hot topic” in criminology theory □ Integrates both studies in life-course and research involving biological and genetic factors in crime behavior/propensity with discussions of cutting edge research □ Includes boxes on “Stanley,” a life-course persistent thief, in each chapter. □ Illustration program contains diagrams of the brain and nervous system, photos, etc. to aid students' understanding of the biological content. □ Includes pedagogical features such as a number of special interest boxes on topics such as the influence of lead on brain development, and the limitations of parental influences New to this Edition: • Two new chapters ‘Special Topics in the Life Course: Psychopathy, Early Onset, and Drug Influences on Criminality’ and ‘Special Topics in the Life Course: Families and Crime’ • Updated and revised chapters due to major research developments in this fast moving field • This edition incorporates findings from over 160 new studies that were not included in the first edition • Review questions at ends of chapters • Incorporates policy discussions

Prepubescence: Infancy and Childhood

Prepubescence: Infancy and childhood

In short, the habits we form from childhood make no small difference, but rather they make all the difference.

ARISTOTLE (384–322 BC)

Criminology is blessed—some say cursed—with a wealth of theories. We have social structural theories, social process theories, social learning theories, and social situational theories. We have theories that link peers to crime, poverty to crime, and racism to crime. Crime is the product of differential association, symbolic interaction, stress and strain, blocked opportunities, anomie, opportunity, gangs, guns, and drugs. The list of possible causal factors is lengthy and growing. Like we said, criminology is rich in complicated, fancy, and incredibly complex theories. Unfortunately, all theories are not equally valid, and criminologists have a bad habit of failing ...

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