Criminal and Social Justice provides an important insight into the relationship between social inequality, crime, and criminalization. In this accessible and innovative account, Dee Cook examines the nature of the relationship between criminal and social justice - both in theory and in practice. Current social, economic, political, and cultural considerations are brought to bear, and contemporary examples are used throughout to help the student to consider this relationship.

Locating Middle England: ‘Otherness’ and Criminal and Social Justice

Locating middle England: ‘Otherness’ and criminal and social justice

Introduction

Much has been said, in recent years, about ‘middle England’. What was once a term used literally in a geographical context became one loaded with different meanings – economic, social, political and cultural. The notion of a ‘middle’ constituency borrows from Richard Nixon's appeal to ‘middle America’ which helped him to win the US Presidency in 1968 (Stober and Strober, 1994; Cowie, 2002). In this context, ‘middle America’ was not so much a place as a state of mind comprising elements of aspiration, morality, fear and prejudice: many would argue that the notion of a ‘middle England’ demographic deployed by New Labour since 1997 comprises some of those ...

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