Criminal and Social Justice provides an important insight into the relationship between social inequality, crime, and criminalization. In this accessible and innovative account, Dee Cook examines the nature of the relationship between criminal and social justice - both in theory and in practice. Current social, economic, political, and cultural considerations are brought to bear, and contemporary examples are used throughout to help the student to consider this relationship.

The ‘Upside Down Duck’: Participation and Engagement for Criminal and Social Justice

The ‘upside down duck’: Participation and engagement for criminal and social justice


Moving on from issues of ‘what works’ and criminal and social justice, this chapter will look at the effect of criminal justice and social policies on people's lives on the ground. It also addresses the extent to which individuals and communities are engaged with the processes of policy formation, evaluation and development. Given this focus on policy engagement and impact, the chapter's title may seem puzzling at first.

To explain: the image of an ‘upside down duck’ emerged from discussions with colleagues1 in the late 1990s when we were all attempting to make sense of the bewildering array of social policy interventions launched ...

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