Accessible and compelling, this book explores the legislative developments, policy changes and practical strategies that have been put in place in recent years in an attempt to manage the level of crime in our society. The book assesses how governments’ approaches to serious crime, the war on terror, human rights and race and immigration policies have influenced ideas about community safety and crime prevention. It offers a handy glossary, along with suggestions for further reading, in order to enhance understanding of critical issues.
Chatper 3: Crime and Community: From Communitarianism to the Management of Crime
‘Community’ has long been invoked as a positive tool by and through which crime prevention practices could be better developed and sustained in the longer term. Sociological analyses of crime and community from the 1930s to the present day have revealed how patterns of crime differ from neighbourhood to neighbourhood and the study of the local dynamics of crime and social control reveal important clues as to how crime can be best tackled in particular areas (Evans 1997, Hope 2001, Hope and Foster 1992, Hope and Hough 1988, Hope and Shaw 1988, Walklate and Evans 1999). As we have seen in Chapter 1, the strength of ...