Accessible and compelling, this book explores the legislative developments, policy changes and practical strategies that have been put in place in recent years in an attempt to manage the level of crime in our society. The book assesses how governments’ approaches to serious crime, the war on terror, human rights and race and immigration policies have influenced ideas about community safety and crime prevention. It offers a handy glossary, along with suggestions for further reading, in order to enhance understanding of critical issues.
Chatper 1: Crime Prevention in the Twentieth Century
The problem of crime has become much more complex in recent years. Rates of reported crime have appeared to stabilise but reports of some crimes are still increasing; changes in social relationships and technological breakthroughs have allowed new forms of crime to emerge; national security has emerged as a key priority and the fear of crime has become as important a measure of well-being as the experience of crime itself. The reduction of crime and the promotion of security have become key political priorities while at the same time the terrain on which crime is ‘fought’ has been anything other than stable. The economic cycle has seen slump turn to boom and back again; ...