Criminology and criminal justice is in its infancy in India. This book attempts to examine India's crime problem in detail and document if and how its criminal justice system has responded to emerging challenges and opportunities. The objective is to move beyond mere observations and thoughtful opinions, and make contributions that are the next steps in the development of an empirical (or evidence-based) criminology and criminal justice on this vast and diverse country-by focusing on research that is both balanced and precise.

This book brings together a diverse set of 32 academics from India, the US, and the UK who have authored 19 chapters on many aspects of crime and justice in India.

The organizational components or sectors of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections. The studies collected here provide balanced coverage of the entire criminal justice system and not just one component of it. The first section of this book consists of overviews of several major issues that affect the entire criminal justice system. Section Two considers topics related to the gateway of the criminal justice system, policing. Section Three takes up the operational problems of criminal law and courts and Section Four deals with the difficult question of punishment and correction, the last part of the criminal justice system.

Prisons, Corrections, and Recidivism in Indian Culture and Society

Prisons, Corrections, and Recidivism in Indian Culture and Society

Prisons, corrections, and recidivism in Indian culture and society
S. GeorgeVincentnathan


Statistical and qualitative information gathered reveal that offender recidivism is much lower in India than in societies such as Japan and the United States, despite harsh prison conditions in India. History has shaped India to have a culture that has made Indians develop a weak ego, receptive to following social norms which are largely influenced by the Indian cultural principles of dharma—right morals, duties, and behavior. Although caste dharma would be considered divisive and discriminatory in the modern Indian context and is slowly fading away, a general or higher sense of dharma that applies to all equally, helping promote societal integration, has been evolving. Modern laws, which ...

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