Criminology and criminal justice is in its infancy in India. This book attempts to examine India's crime problem in detail and document if and how its criminal justice system has responded to emerging challenges and opportunities. The objective is to move beyond mere observations and thoughtful opinions, and make contributions that are the next steps in the development of an empirical (or evidence-based) criminology and criminal justice on this vast and diverse country-by focusing on research that is both balanced and precise.

This book brings together a diverse set of 32 academics from India, the US, and the UK who have authored 19 chapters on many aspects of crime and justice in India.

The organizational components or sectors of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections. The studies collected here provide balanced coverage of the entire criminal justice system and not just one component of it. The first section of this book consists of overviews of several major issues that affect the entire criminal justice system. Section Two considers topics related to the gateway of the criminal justice system, policing. Section Three takes up the operational problems of criminal law and courts and Section Four deals with the difficult question of punishment and correction, the last part of the criminal justice system.

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000: Protection, Rehabilitation, and Reform

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000: Protection, Rehabilitation, and Reform

The juvenile justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000: Protection, rehabilitation, and reform


This chapter presents an overview of the reformative justice model being applied to juveniles in India. With much of the social and political focus, concern, and even rage, geared toward the Indian criminal justice system, the juvenile justice is relegated to a place of neglect. Child labor laws being openly flouted is the most visible and disconcerting example of the same. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, was enacted to deal with juvenile delinquency in India, both in terms of delinquents and non-delinquents in need of care, almost a decade ago. The Act entails ...

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