Criminology and criminal justice is in its infancy in India. This book attempts to examine India's crime problem in detail and document if and how its criminal justice system has responded to emerging challenges and opportunities. The objective is to move beyond mere observations and thoughtful opinions, and make contributions that are the next steps in the development of an empirical (or evidence-based) criminology and criminal justice on this vast and diverse country-by focusing on research that is both balanced and precise.
This book brings together a diverse set of 32 academics from India, the US, and the UK who have authored 19 chapters on many aspects of crime and justice in India.
The organizational components or sectors of the criminal justice system are the police, the courts, and corrections. The studies collected here provide balanced coverage of the entire criminal justice system and not just one component of it. The first section of this book consists of overviews of several major issues that affect the entire criminal justice system. Section Two considers topics related to the gateway of the criminal justice system, policing. Section Three takes up the operational problems of criminal law and courts and Section Four deals with the difficult question of punishment and correction, the last part of the criminal justice system.
Examining Legal Responses to Sexual Violence: A Review of Court Systems in India
This chapter examines loopholes in the judicial processes of India's courts, with particular emphasis on the system's response to victims of sexual violence. Studies show that survivors must often relive their victimization repeatedly as they move through the legal process, thus undergoing experiences that have been termed “secondary victimization.” Our chapter focuses specifically on survivors of sexual violence, mainly rape cases, and explores how the court system affects rape survivors' lives. We point out limitations in the legal system and interrogate the efficiency of the courts, and also provide recommendations and solutions to fill these gaps. Our findings will be ...