Part 3: Explores institutional responses to crimes and uses criminological theory to offer solutions

How Effective can Courts be and what can Help them?

How effective can courts be and what can help them?

In the final chapter, we consider criminal law's potential impact by way of (a) deterrence and (b) the delegitimization of offenses via the construction of collective memories of evil. Recognizing both, potential and limitations, we then examine alternative and supplemental institutions such as Truth Commissions that may overcome some of the limits of criminal courts in the fight against humanitarian law (HL) and human rights (HR) violations.

Many forces are at work when regimes and their agents engage in gross violations of HL and HR law. For genocide, historians and political scientists identified explanatory factors such as war, totalitarianism, societal crises, ideological mobilization, and racism or anti-Semitism. ...

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