Crime and Human Rights: Criminology of Genocide and Atrocities


Joachim Savelsberg

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • About the Editor

    Series editors: Nicole Rafter and Paul Rock

    Compact Criminology is an exciting new series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology.

    Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice – offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist.

    Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series is designed to address fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

    Other Compact Criminology titles include:

    Comparing Criminal Justice by David Nelken

    Crime and Risk by Pat O'Malley

    Crime and Terrorism by Peter Grabosky and Michael Stohl

    Experimental Criminology by Lawrence Sherman

    Compact Criminology International Advisory Board:

    Jan van Dijk, Tilburg University

    Peter Grabosky, Australian National University

    Kelly Hannah-Moffat, University of Toronto

    John Laub, University of Maryland

    Alison Liebling, University of Cambridge


    View Copyright Page


    For Anna and Rebecca


    A number of people and institutions contributed to this project; Liz Boyle, Amelia Corl, David Garland, John Hagan, Nicole Rafter, Paul Rock, Jim Short, Kathryn Sikkink, Simon Singer, and Philip Smith read and commented on an early draft of the manuscript; anonymous reviewers provided helpful feedback on the proposal. While I may not have done justice to all suggestions and critiques, they did help improve the text. At the University of Minnesota, the College of Liberal Arts granted a fall 2007 Fellowship at its Institute for Advanced Study and a fall 2008 Single Semester Leave. This book would not have been written without the initiative of Nicole Rafter and Paul Rock. Finally, the professionalism of Caroline Porter at Sage is always appreciated. Thanks to all!

    As usual, my wife Pamela Feldman-Savelsberg, anthropologist, Africanist and companion of a quarter century supported me. The cultural trauma of atrocities and the hope for a more respectful and peaceful coexistence helped bring, and hold, us together. We hope that Anna and Rebecca will be part of our contribution. To them this book is dedicated.

    Joachim J.SavelsbergMinneapolis/Saint Paul, 2009
  • References

    Alexander, Jeffrey C., et al. 2004. Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Anderson, Elijah. 1994. Code of the Street. New York: W.W. Norton.
    Archer, Dane, and RosemaryGartner. 1984. Violence and Crime in Cross-National Perspective. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Arendt, Hannah. 1964. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil. New York: Viking Press,
    2nd edition
    Bass, Gary J.2000. Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Bauman, Zygmunt. 1989. Modernity and the Holocaust. Ithaca: New York University Press.
    Becker, Howard S.1963. The Other Side. Glencoe: Free Press.
    Bendix, Reinhard. 1996. Nation-building and Citizenship. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, enlarged edition.
    Benford, Robert D., and David A.Snow. 2000. “Framing Processes and Social Movements.”Annual Review of Sociology26: 611–39.
    Bilder, Richard B.2006. “The Role of Apology in International Law and Diplomacy.”Virginia Journal of International Law46(3): 433–73.
    Blau, Judith, and AlbertoMoncada. 2007. “‘It Ought to be a Crime’: Criminalizing Human Rights Violations.”Sociological Forum22(3): 364–71.
    Borneman, John. 1997. Settling Accounts: Violence, Justice, and Accountability in Postsocialist Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Bourdieu, Pierre. 1987. “The Force of Law: Toward a Sociology of the Judicial Field.”Hastings Law Journal38: 805–53.
    Boyle, Elizabeth Heger. 2003. Female Genital Cutting. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Braithwaite, John. 1989. Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Brannigen, A., and K.H.Hardwick. 2003. “Genocide and General Theory.” pp. 109–31 in C.Britt and M.R.Gottfredson, eds. Control Theories in Crime and Delinquency. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
    Browning, Christopher R.1998. Ordinary Men: Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. New York: Harper Collins,
    2nd edition
    Brustein, William. 1996. The Logic of Evil. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Cerulo, Karen A.2007. “The Forum Mailbag.”Sociological Forum22(4): 555–65
    Chambliss, William J.1989. “State Organized Crime.”Criminology27: 183–208.
    Chang, Jung, and JonHalliday. 2005. Mao: The Unknown Story. London: Cape.
    Coffee, John C.1981. “‘No Soul to Damn, no Body to Kick.’ An Unscandalized Inquiry into the Problem of Corporate Punishment.”Michigan Law Review79: 386–459.
    Cohen, Albert K.1955. Delinquent Boys. Glencoe: Free Press.
    Cohen, Lawrence E., and MarcusFelson. 1979. “Social Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach.”American Sociological Review44: 588–608.
    Cohen, Stanley. 2001. States of Denial: Knowing about Atrocities and Suffering. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Cole, Wade M.2005. “Sovereignty Relinquished? Explaining Commitment to the International Human Rights Covenants, 1966–1999.”American Sociological Review70(3): 472–95.
    Coleman, James. 2006. The Criminal Elite. New York: Worth.
    Coleman, James S.1990. Foundations of Social Theory. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Collins, Randall. 2008. Violence. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Cooney, Mark. 1997. “From Warre to Tyranny: Lethal Confict and the State.”American Sociological Review62: 316–38.
    Dimsdale, Joel E. ed. 1980. Survivors, Victims, and Perpetrators. Washington: Hemisphere.
    Durkheim, Emile. 1961. Moral Education. Glencoe: Free Press.
    Durkheim, Emile. [1912] 2001. The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Eisner, Manuel. 2001. “Modernization, Self-control and Lethal Violence.”British Journal of Criminology41(4): 618–38.
    Elias, Norbert. 1978. The Civilizing Process. New York: Urizen.
    Ermann, M. David and Richard J.Lundman eds. 2002. Corporate and Governmental Deviance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Etzioni, Amitai. 1993. “The US Sentencing Commission on Corporate Crime: A Critique.”The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science525: 147–56.
    Fein, Helen. 1979. Accounting for Genocide. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Feldman, Noah. 2008. “When Judges Make Foreign Policy.”The New York Times Magazine, September 28, pp. 50–57, 66, 70.
    Fichtelberg, Aaron. 2005. “Crimes Beyond Justice? Retributivism and War Crimes Trials.”Criminal Justice Ethics24(2): 31–46.
    Fichtelberg, Aaron. 2008. Crime Without Borders. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
    Foucault, Michel. 1975. Discipline and Punish. London: Penguin.
    Friedländer, Saul. 2007. The Years of Extermination. Nazi Germany and the Jews, 1939–1945. New York: Harper.
    Garfinkel, Harold. 1956. “Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies.”American Journal of Sociology61: 420–24.
    Garland, David. 1990. Punishment in Modern Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Garland, David. 2001. The Culture of Control. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Giesen, Bernhard. 2004. Triumph or Trauma. Boulder: Paradigm.
    Giordano, Peggy C., Stephen A.Cernkovich, and Jennifer L.Rudolph. 2002. “Gender, Crime, and Desistance: Toward a Theory of Cognitive Transformation.”American Journal of Sociology107: 990–1064.
    Goldhagen, Daniel J.1996. Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
    Goldsmith, Jack, and Stephen D.Krasner. 2003. “The Limits of Idealism.”Daedalus132(47): 47–63.
    Goldstein, Joseph, BurkeMarshall, and JackSchwartz. 1976. The My Lai Massacre and its Cover-up: Beyond the Reach of Law? The Peers Commission Report with a Supplement and an Introductory Essay on the Limits of Law. New York: Free Press.
    Hagan, John. 2003. Justice in the Balkans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Hagan, John, and RonLevi. 2005. “Crimes of War and the Force of Law.”Social Forces83(4): 1499–534.
    Hagan, John, and RonLevi. 2007. “Justiciability as Field Effect: When Sociology Meets Human Rights.”Sociological Forum22(3): 372–84.
    Hagan, John, and WenonaRymond-Richmond. 2009. Darfur and the Crime of Genocide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Halbwachs, Maurice. 1992. On Collective Memory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Hayner, Priscilla B.2001. Unspeakable Truths: Confronting State Terror and Atrocities. New York: Routledge.
    Heberer, Patricia, and JürgenMatthäus, eds. 2008. Atrocities on Trial. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    Hersh, Seymour M.1970. My Lai 4. New York: Random House.
    Hilberg, Raul. [1961] 2003. The Destruction of the European Jews. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Hirschi, Travis. 1969. Causes of Delinquency. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Horowitz, Louis Irving. 2002. Tanking Lives: Genocide and State Power. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers,
    5th edition
    Hughes, Everett. 1963. “Good People and Dirty Work.” pp. 23–36 in HowardBecker, ed. The Other Side. New York: Free Press.
    Jensen, Gary. 2007. The Path of the Devil: Early Modern Witch Hunts. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
    Johnson, Eric A., and Eric H.Monkkonen, eds. 1996. The Civilization of Crime. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
    Joods Historisch Museum Amsterdam.1969. Documents of the Persecution of the Dutch Jewry 1940–1945. Amsterdam: Polak & Van Gennep.
    Katz, Jack. 1988. Seductions of Crime. New York: Basic Books.
    Keck, Margaret E., and KathrynSikkink. 1998. Activists without Borders. Ithaca: Cornell.
    Keegan, John. 1976. The Face of Battle. London: Cape.
    Khan, Mahvish Rukhsana. 2008. My Guantánamo Diary. New York: Public Affairs.
    Kramer, Ronald, and RaymondMichalowski. 2005. “War, Aggression and State Crime: A Criminological Analysis of the Invasion and Occupation of Iraq.”British Journal of Criminology45(4): 446–69.
    Landsman, Stephen. 2005. Crimes of the Holocaust: The Law Confronts Hard Cases. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Law and Social Inquiry, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1995 (special issue on lustration).
    Levi, Primo. 1989. The Drowned and the Saved. New York: Vintage.
    Lofquist, William S.1993. “Organizational Probation and the US Sentencing Commission.”The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science525: 157–69.
    Mallinder, Louise. 2008. Amnesties, Human Rights and Political Transitions. Oxford: Hart.
    Manza, Jeff, and ChristopherUggen. 2006. Locked Out: Felon Disenfranchisement and American Democracy. New York: Oxford University Press.
    Matsueda, Ross L.2006. “Differential Social Organization, Collective Action, and Crime.”Crime, Law and Social Change46(1–2): 3–33.
    Matsueda, Ross L., Derek A.Kreager, and DavidHuizinga. 2006. “Deterring Delinquents: A Rational Choice Model of Theft and Violence.”American Sociological Review71(1): 95–122.
    Meierhenrich, Jens. 2006. “Conspiracy in International Law.”Annual Review of Law and Social Science2: 341–57.
    Mental Health Advisory Team (MHAT). 2006. IV-Operation Iraqi Freedom 05–07. 2006. Final Report of November 17, 2006. Office of the Surgeon, Multi-national Force-Iraq, and Office of the Surgeon General, United States Army Medical Command.
    Merton, Robert K.1938. “Social Structure and Anomie.”American Sociological Review3: 672–82.
    Messner, Steven F., and RichardRosenfeld. 2007. Crime and the American Dream. Belmont: Wadsworth,
    4th edition
    Meyer, John, JohnBoli, GeorgeThomas, and FranciscoRamirez. 1997. “World Society and the Nation State.”American Journal of Sociology103(1): 144–81.
    Meyerstein, Ariel. 2007. “Between Law and Culture: Rwanda's Gacaca and Postcolonial Legality.”Law and Social Inquiry32(2): 467–508.
    Milgram, Stanley. 1965. “Some Conditions of Obedience and Disobedience to Authority.”Human Relations18(1): 57–75.
    Minow, Martha. 1998. Between Vengeance and Forgiveness: Facing History after Genocide and Mass Violence. Boston: Beacon Press.
    Minow, Martha. 2002. Breaking the Cycles of Hatred: Memory, Law, and Repair, Introduced and with Commentaries by NL Rosenblum. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Neurath, Paul Martin. [1943] 2005. The Society of Terror: Inside the Dachau and Buchenwald Concentration Camps. London: Paradigm.
    Nino, Carlos S.1996. Radical Evil on Trial. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    NuncaMas. 1986. Report by Argentina's National Commission on Disappeared People. London: Farber and Farber.
    Orwell, George. 1949. Nineteen Eighty-four. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
    Osiel, Mark J.1997. Mass Atrocities, Collective Memory, and the Law. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
    Pensky, Max. 2008. “Amnesty on Trial: Impunity, Accountability, and the Norms of International Law.”Ethics & Global Politics1(1–2): 1–40.
    Power, Samantha. 2002. A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide. New York: Harper.
    Rafter, Nicole. 1988. White Trash: The Eugenic Family Studies, 1877–1919. Boston: Northeastern University Press.
    Rosen, David M.2007. “Child Soldiers, International Humanitarian Law, and the Globalization of Childhood.”American Anthropologist109(2): 296–306.
    Roht-Arriaza, Naomi. 2005. The Pinochet Effect: Transnational Justice in the Age of Human Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Rummel, R.J.1994. Death by Government. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
    Rusche, Georg, and OttoKirchheimer. 2003. Punishment and Social Structure, with a new Introduction by Dario Melossi. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.
    Sampson, Robert J., and John H.Laub. 1993. Crime in the Making. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    Sampson, Robert J., and Stephen W.Raudenbush. 1999. “Systematic Social Observation of Public Spaces: A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoods.”American Journal of Sociology105: 603–51.
    Savelsberg, Joachim J.1992. “Law That Does Not Fit Society: Sentencing Guidelines as a Neo-classical Reaction to the Dilemmas of Substantivized Law.”American Journal of Sociology97: 1346–81.
    Savelsberg, Joachim J. 1994. “Knowledge, Domination, and Criminal Punishment.”American Journal of Sociology99: 911–43.
    Savelsberg, Joachim J. 1999. “Knowledge, Domination, and Criminal Punishment Revisited: Incorporating State Socialism.”Punishment and Society1(1): 45–70.
    Savelsberg, Joachim J., with PeterBrühl. 1994. Constructing White-collar Crime. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Savelsberg JoachimJ., and Ryan D.King. 2007. “Law and Collective Memory.”Annual Review of Law and Social Science3: 189–211.
    Savelsberg JoachimJ., and Ryan D.King. 2010. Atrocities, Law and Collective Memory. New York: Russell Sage.
    Schabas, William A.2007. An Introduction to the International Criminal Court. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Schrager, Laura Shill, and James F.Short. 1980. “How Serious a Crime: Perceptions of Organizational and Common Crimes.” pp. 14–31 in GilbertGeis and EzraStotland, eds. White-collar Crime. Beverly Hills: Sage.
    Sikkink, Kathryn. 2009. “From State Responsibility to Individual Criminal Accountability: A New Regulatory Model for Core Human Rights Violations.” pp. 121–150 in WalterMattli and NgaireWoods, eds. The Politics of Global Regulation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Sikkink, Kathryn, and CarrieBooth-Walling. 2007. “The Impact of Human Rights Trials in Latin America.”Journal of Peace Research44(4): 427–45.
    Sikkink, Kathryn, and HunjoonKim. 2010. “Explaining the Deterrence Effect of Human Rights Prosecutions in Transitional Countries.”International Studies Quarterly.
    Simmel, Georg. [1908] 1968. Soziologie. Berlin: Duncker und Humblot.
    Simon, Jonathan. 2007. Governing Through Crime. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Smith, Philip. 2008. Punishment and Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Snyder, Jack, and LeslieVinjamuri. 2003/2004. “Trials and Errors: Principle and Pragmatism in Strategies of International Justice.”International Security28: 5–44.
    Sofsky, Wolfgang. 1996. The Order of Terror: The Concentration Camp. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Steinmetz, George. 2007. The Devil's Handwriting: Precoloniality and the German Colonial State in Qingdao, Samoa, and Southwest Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Stewart, James G.2006. “Rethinking Guantánamo: Unlawful Confinement as Applied in International Criminal Law.”Journal of International Criminal Justice4: 12–30.
    Stolleis, Michael. 2007. “Law and Lawyers Preparing the Holocaust.”Annual Review of Law and Social Science3: 213–32.
    Stouffer, Samuel Andrew, et al. 1949. The American Soldier. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Stover, Eric. 2005. The Witnesses: War Crimes and the Promise of Justice in The Hague. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    Sutherland, Edwin H.1940. “White Collar Criminality.”American Sociological Review5: 1–12.
    Sutherland, Edwin H. 1983. White Collar Crime: The Uncut Version, with an Introduction by GilbertGeis and CollinGoff. New Haven: Yale University Press.
    Sutherland, Edwin H., and Donald R.Cressey. 1974. Criminology. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott,
    9th edition
    Sutton, John R.2000. “Imprisonment and Social Classification in five Common-law Democracies, 1955–1985.”American Journal of Sociology106: 350–85.
    Sykes, Grasham M., and DavidMatza. 1957. “Techniques of Neutralization: A Theory of Delinquency.”American Sociological Review22: 664–70.
    Teitel, Ruti G.2000. Transitional Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Thompson, E.P.1975. Whigs and Hunters. New York: Pantheon.
    Tittle, Charles R.1995. Control Balance. Boulder: Westview Press.
    Todorov, Tzvetan. 1995. “Communist Camps and their Aftermath.”Representations49: 120–32.
    Turk, Austin. 1982. Political Criminology. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
    Vaughan, Diane. 1999. “The Dark Side of Organizations: Mistake, Misconduct, and Disaster.”Annual Review of Sociology25: 271–305.
    Vaughan, Diane. 2002. “Criminology and the Sociology of Organizations.”Crime, Law, and Social Change37: 117–36.
    Waller, James. 2007. Becoming Evil. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Weber, Max. 1976. Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Weitz, Eric D.2003. A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Wheeler, Stanton, and Mitchell L.Rothman. 1982. “The Organization as a Weapon in White Collar Crime.”Michigan Law Review80: 1403–26.
    William, Archbishop of Tyre. 1943. A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea, translated and annotated by EmilyAtwater Babcock and A.C.Krey. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Wilson, Richard A.2001. The Politics of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Wilson, Richard A.2003. “Anthropological Studies of National Reconciliation Processes.”Anthropological Theory3: 367–87.
    Wolfgang, Marvin E., and FrancoFeracuti. 1982. The Subculture of Violence. Beverly Hills: Sage.
    Zimbardo, Philip. 2007. The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil. New York: Random House.
    Zimmerer, Jürgen. 2005. “The Birth of the Ostland out of the Spirit of Colonialism: a Postcolonial Perspective of the Nazi Policy of Conquest and Extermination.”Patterns of Prejudice39(2): 197–219.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website