This is the very first book to distill the principles of complex adaptive systems and adaptive management into practical guidance for policymakers. It describes the concept of adaptive policymaking and presents seven tools for developing such policies. Based on hundreds of interviews with people impacted by policy and research of over a dozen policy case studies, this book serves as a pragmatic guide for policymakers by elaborating on these seven tools. It is an invaluable information resource for technical policymakers and politicians, as well as for those studying politics and international relations.
Chapter 7: Decentralization of Decision-Making
Decentralization of Decision-Making
What is decentralization of decision-making? Decentralizing the authority and responsibility for decision-making to the lowest effective and accountable unit of governance, whether existing or newly created, can increase the capacity of a policy to perform successfully when confronted with unforeseen events.
Why is Decentralization Important for Adaptive Policies?
The decentralization of decision-making authority and administrative responsibility to the local level can be an important mechanism in facilitating positive policy responses to unforeseen circumstances. In principle, having decisions made close to the citizens most affected is a way to provide better feedback and ensure that decision-makers are well informed about problems and effects of proposed interventions, as well as the nature of different interests. For policies directly concerning natural resources and ...