This is the very first book to distill the principles of complex adaptive systems and adaptive management into practical guidance for policymakers. It describes the concept of adaptive policymaking and presents seven tools for developing such policies. Based on hundreds of interviews with people impacted by policy and research of over a dozen policy case studies, this book serves as a pragmatic guide for policymakers by elaborating on these seven tools. It is an invaluable information resource for technical policymakers and politicians, as well as for those studying politics and international relations.
Chapter 2: Seven Guidelines for Policy-Making in an Uncertain World
Seven Guidelines for Policy-Making in an Uncertain World
The Emergence of Adaptive Policy Concepts
Some of the first discussion about adaptive policy-making actually emerged in the early 1900s. Dewey (1927, in Busenberg, 2001) put forth an argument proposing that ‘policies be treated as experiments, with the aim of promoting continual learning and adaptation in response to experience over time’. In 1978, Canadian ecologist C.S. Holling introduced natural resource managers to the notion of adaptive environmental assessment and management and paved the way for future thinking with regard to adaptive policies in socio-ecological settings.
In 1993 the term ‘adaptive policy’ appears in the published literature in Kai Lee's book that integrated ...