Counselling Suicidal Clients addresses the important professional considerations when working with clients who are suicidal. The ‘bigger picture’, including legal and ethical considerations and organizational policy and procedures is explored, as is to how practitioners can work with the dynamics of suicide potential in the therapeutic process. The book is divided into six main parts:The changing context of suicideThe prediction-prevention model, policy and ethicsThe influence of the organizationThe client processThe practitioner processThe practice of counseling with suicidal clients
Chapter 2: Historical Perspectives on Suicide and the Emergence of the Medical Model
Historical Perspectives on Suicide and the Emergence of the Medical Model
Given that a counsellor's own views and beliefs about suicide are important in how they respond to and intervene with suicidal clients, it is helpful to place current perspectives on suicide in a historical context. Suicide has not always been seen as fundamentally and inextricably linked with ‘madness’, yet the development of psychiatry and the emergence of the medical model have seemed to reinforce this link. This chapter will provide a brief overview of changing perspectives on suicide, the emergence of the medical model, and how these now shape and inform current responses to suicidal people.
It is important to place our current work ...