In Counselling for Grief and Bereavement, Second Edition Geraldine Humphrey and David Zimpfer take readers step-by-step through the skills needed to facilitate the process of grief, initiate healing, and promote a sense of growth. Providing a firm theoretical base, the authors discuss the concepts and categories of attachment, loss, and grief. Carefully chosen case examples are included throughout and specific attention is paid to ethics and to the possible need for referral.
Every loss has special features, and for each individual experiencing a loss, there are unique issues. While this chapter cannot address the numerous issues or the variety of hardships that must be endured after every loss, it will focus on certain special losses wherein resolution of grief can be more difficult. Included will be trauma in general, murder, suicide, AIDS, and perinatal/neonatal loss.
Inherent in these types of loss is the concept of disenfranchised grief. Disenfranchised grief, as defined by Doka, is the ‘grief that persons experience when they incur a loss that is not or can not be openly acknowledged, publicly mourned, or socially supported’ (1989: 4). He has proposed three possible reasons for this occurrence: the relationship is not recognized; the ...