Organized around the latest CACREP standards, <b>Counseling Theory: Guiding Reflective Practice</b>, by Richard D. Parsons and Naijian Zhang, presents theory as an essential component to both counselor identity formation and professional practice. Drawing on the contributions of current practitioners, the text uses both classical and cutting-edge theoretical models of change as lenses for processing client information and developing case conceptualizations and intervention plans. Each chapter provides a snapshot of a particular theory/approach and the major thinkers associated with each theory as well as case illustrations and guided practice exercises to help readers internalize the content presented and apply it to their own development as counselors.
Chapter 9: Cognitive-Behavioral Theories
Men are disturbed not by things, but by the view which they take of them.
—Epictetus in The Enchiridion
What an interesting quote, and an even more interesting concept: We are not disturbed by things but, rather, by the view we take of them. So I guess the message we give to ourselves so often, the message that someone else has really made us mad, wouldn't sit right with Epictetus. Nor, as you will find out, would it sit well with those counselors who use a cognitive-behavioral frame of reference.
Cognitive-behavioral theories examine the relationship between thoughts, which are the view we take of life, and behaviors, which are our actions in response to our thoughts. Thoughts and behaviors can be healthy ...