Organized around the latest CACREP standards, <b>Counseling Theory: Guiding Reflective Practice</b>, by Richard D. Parsons and Naijian Zhang, presents theory as an essential component to both counselor identity formation and professional practice. Drawing on the contributions of current practitioners, the text uses both classical and cutting-edge theoretical models of change as lenses for processing client information and developing case conceptualizations and intervention plans. Each chapter provides a snapshot of a particular theory/approach and the major thinkers associated with each theory as well as case illustrations and guided practice exercises to help readers internalize the content presented and apply it to their own development as counselors.
Chapter 4: Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
Freud and Psychoanalytic Theory
I have spread my dreams under your feet; tread softly because you tread on my dreams.
—William Butler Yeats (1865–1939), Irish poet
If you think dreams have meaning, then you are on your way to appreciating just one of the contributions of Sigmund Freud and the theory of psychoanalysis.
What does it mean to think like a psychoanalyst? Who was Sigmund Freud? Is it important that you know who he was, and if so, why? Are Freud and psychoanalytic ideas relevant to you today? In this chapter, you will read about the person considered the primary figure in bringing about the concepts and practices on which psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy were built. In counseling, we are challenged to ...